Passato prossimo: essere o avere?

Ciao a tutti e bentornati nel mio blog!

In today’s post I’m telling you how to choose the right auxiliary verb when using passato prossimo.

Many of you have asked me about this, so I thought it would be a good idea to film a video lesson about it:



It seems very difficult at first, but actually there’s just one question you have to ask yourself: is the verb transitive or intransitive?

A verb is transitive when it’s followed by a direct object, like mangiare. If so, you have to use the auxiliary verb avere: ho mangiato.

A verb is intransitive when it’s followed by an indirect object, like andare. If so, you have to use the auxiliary verb essere: sono andato/a.

Of course there are many exceptions, but this is something that can really help you at first with the most frequent verbs.


  1. I am an American-Italian living and born in the USA currently studying the Italian language. Your video, verb andare o essere when using the passato prosimo was very helpful. I liked that you also spoke in English to help me along.

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